The center of the FLOWER diagram represents the long-term, global benefits of the investment or strategy being considered. Shading in this part of the diagram represents strategies that reduce CO2 or other greenhouse gas emissions, such as methane or nitrous oxide, and actions that boost the carbon-sequestering potential of ecosystems.
Energy Industry & Mobility
Shading this petal means the investment or strategy brings people secure access to energy, the ability to make things they need, and the ability to get around. From bringing small scale photovoltaic energy to remote villages in developing countries to providing public transportation access that helps people get to work and school, some investments that reduce emissions also deliver the benefits of access to reliable energy sources.
Some investments build people’s capacity to survive or even thrive in the face of disruption. A subset of the investments that will protect the climate in the long-term can also help communities adapt to unavoidable climate change in the near-term.
For example, conservation of wetlands can sequester carbon and help prevent flooding. Investments in renewable energy infrastructure can build resilience by diversifying the energy mix.
Food & Water
If this petal is shaded, it means that the investment or strategy being examined increases access to healthy food and clean water. Projects that restore degraded lands or create urban farms would show a benefit in this petal, as would water efficiency programs or land conservation programs, which increase nature’s power to purify and filter water.
Jobs & Assets
The investments represented by this petal provide meaningful work at a living wage and build assets in a community. Energy efficiency retrofits or renewable energy infrastructure installations that provide good jobs are examples of the types of investment that produce these co-benefits.
Health, Well-Being & Safety
Shading in this petal indicates that an investment improves mental, physical, and emotional well-being and creates safe conditions to live and work. Investments that make communities more walk able or bike-able or any policies that reduce the impacts of dirty energy on air quality are good examples of the possibilities in this petal.
This petal is about the powerful mindset needed for human survival on a planet fraught with environmental challenges, war, and injustice. Shading of this petal means that a project or investment leaves the people who encounter it feeling more connected to their own sense of unique potential, to the needs and humanity of other people, and to the living systems human beings are embedded in.